1 in every 3 deaths in seniors is caused by a form of dementia. Here we will address the 4 types of dementia, causes and how to treat and manage the disease.
1-Alzheimer’s: Alzheimer’s is the 6th leading cause of death, according to Alzheimer’s Association. While the cause is unknown, it can stem from different factors like:
- Memory loss
- Trouble communicating
2-Vascular Dementia: The second form of dementia is Vascular Dementia, also known as “post-stroke dementia” and “multi-infarct dementia”. There is no cure, but an early diagnosis could prevent any further damage. Damage to the brain occurs when blood flow is restricted during a stroke, but not all stroke victims will develop this condition.
Symptoms can vary depending on what section of the brain was affected.
- Short-term memory problems
- Gets lost in known environments
- Inappropriate laughter or crying
- Difficulty concentrating
- Financial management struggles
- Difficulty following instructions
- Toileting issues/ incontinence
3-Lewy Body Dementia (LBD): This form of dementia is frequently misdiagnosed as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. It is caused by abnormal proteins in the nerve cells which can impair normal function and symptoms can take up to 2 years to present enough to be diagnosed. Although there is no cure, early detection can lead to a better outcome through medical and non-medical therapy like physical, speech, or occupational.
- Sleep problems
- Memory loss
- Variations in alertness
4-Frontotemporal Degeneration (FTD): Frontotemporal Degeneration, also known as Pick’s disease, affect anywhere from 50,000-60,000 Americans. This type is different from the other three because it does not affect the memory and the average person diagnosed is 60 years of age. While there is no cure, symptoms can be managed.
- Decrease inhibition
- Loss of motivation
- Reduced empathy
- Compulsive behavior
Homewatch CareGivers have Certified Nursing Assistants (CNA), Home Health Aids (HHA) and Caregivers are trained to handle dementia and the delicate nuances it takes to understanding the condition.